Create Discvoer Skill 1: Use reading strategies to develop your understanding.

You have located relevant, reliable sources about your topic. Now you will need to apply reading strategies, so that you can discover new information that will help you to answer your research questions.
Research requires that you read carefully to fully develop your understanding of the topic.

Teacher Resources Research Glossary
k-2 skills k2 tools 2-4skills Teacher Resources Research Glossary
Make predictions

To make a prediction is to make an educated guess based on what we read and what we already know. We can make predictions before and during reading.
k2skills bpjr prediction Active readers make predictions as they read.
In this movie, you’ll learn how to use clues and evidence from the text to help you make predictions as you read different kinds of writing, including nonfiction.
  practice prediction puzzles Make predictions as you help Moby put together different puzzles.
k2tools paper making predictions Use this organizer when you are making predictions about nonfiction text for research.
24skills bp prediction Tim will show you how to make observations and develop inferences based on them. Then, you’ll learn how to make a prediction, and design a test to see whether or not your prediction was correct.
  practice prediction activity studyzone

Learn about making predictions with these actiities from the Study Zone.

Then read or listen to passages as you predict the outcomes.

24tools paper predict ws computer predict interactive ws Use these worksheets to make and confirm predictions.
study zone prediction scientific method

Analyze text structure
Figuring out how a text is structured can help you to discover the important facts you need for your research task. These are some text structures you might encounter in your reading during research:

Cause and Effect Compare and Contrast Problem and Solution Sequence

Cause and Effect
The cause is why something happens. The effect is what happens. You can be a "detective" to find cause and effect relationships for certain research topics.

k2skills bpjr cause cause and effect In this movie, Annie and Moby explore cause and effect relationships and share different examples
  flippy flippy Help Flippy move around his habitat by identifying the cause and effects in sentences.
k2tools paper computer what if chart Use this form to identify cause and effect in your research.
24skills cause effect Review the concept of cause and effect.

practice quia cause effect quiz cause effect cause study zone

Review and practice cause and effect with these activities from the Study Zone.

Then match causes to effectsin an online game.

24tools paper cause effect chart computer cause effect chain Use this form to identify cause and effect relationships related to your research topic.

Compare and Contrast
To compare is to tell how things are alike or similar. To contrast means to tell how they are different.

k2skills compare contrast This short video can help you review the text structure of comparing and contrasting.
k2tools paper compare Use this form to compare and contrast facts that you gather.
24skills compare slideshow compare slideshow

This slide show tutorial will help you review how to compare and contrast, along with the signal words that you will encounter in this text structure.

  safari compare contrast read_fiction_nonfiction safari compare contrast In this Safari Montage video, you will learn how to recognize compare and contrast text structure.
24tools compare essay Use this interactive tool to create 2 and 3 circle Venn Diagrams to compare and contrast facts that you gather in your research.
  paper venn lines computer Use these forms to compare and contrast facts that you gather.

Problem and Solution
A problem is a difficulty and the solution is how the problem is fixed or resolved.

k2skills problem solution Let the Library Lady give a little background on finding problem and solution in research.
  flippy problem solution game Ratty, the evil arch-villain, is trying to take over the world. Where is he? Can you crack the secret codes and find Ratty? Use your problem and solution skills to break the case. 
k2tools paper problem2 ws computer problem ws Use this form to record the problem and possible solutions that you encounter in research.

practice Solutions practice study zone problem study zone

Read and practice identifying problem and solution in this activity from the Study Zone.

Then practice finding solutions to a variety of problems.

24tools paper computer problem3 ws Use this form to record the problem and possible solutions that you encounter in research.

Sequencing is putting steps or events in order. When we do research, we can use this strategy to gather information about steps in a process or events that happened in order.

k2skills sequence In this movie, you'll learn about how sequencing helps to put events or steps in order in an informational piece of writing.
k2tools paper sequence chain print computer sequence chain Use this form to identify problem and solutions in research.
24skills sequence bp Tim and Moby will teach you how to write in sequence, so that your writing happens in the correct order.
  game Practice sequencing with a variety of games.
24tools paper sequence print computer Use this form for sequencing events from research.
compare movie compare maker sequence games bpjr sequence sequence writing

Identify main idea and important details

The main idea is the most important thought of a paragraph or larger section of text, which tells the reader what the text is about. Important details support the main idea.
k2skills bpjr main idea In this movie, you’ll join Annie and Moby to learn how to find the main idea in a story or nonfiction book.
  practice Zap the main idea trees by clicking with the story cloud overhead from RoomRecess.
  Fact Fragment Frenzy

Interactive demo and practice for finding facts in nonfiction text.


ktools paper main idea Use this organizer to build a stool with the main idea and supporting details from your research reading.
24skills BP - Main Idea BP - Main Idea bp main idea Tim and Moby will show you how to figure out the main point of a piece of writing, whether it’s an essay, article, or paragraph. You’ll also discover things like what a topic is and what details are.
  flo main idea Listen to a song that teaches main idea and supporting details.
  practice main idea practice Practice reading passages to find the main ideas and details.
  Fact Fragment Frenzy Fact Fragment Frenzy Fact Fragment Frenzy Fact Fragment Frenzy Interactive demo and practice for finding facts in nonfiction text.
main idea main idea
Use this form to identify main ideas and details.
main idea pov

Distinguish between facts and opinions

A fact is information tha can be proven. An opinion is one's belief. In order to be able to gather accurate information from sources, it is important to be able to tell the difference.

k2skills fact and opinion fact or opinion fact and opinion Learn to tell the difference between fact and opinion with Binky from PBS Kids' Arthur. Then practice what you have learned.
  practice fact opinion game Play Evelyn's Expedition to identify facts and opinions as you climb the mountain.
ktools paper fact and opinion Try using this Fact and Opinion organizer when you read nonfiction text for research.
24skills fact opinion

Let Tim and Moby explain about fact and opinion. You’ll learn that facts are supported by evidence and opinions are based on a person's beliefs.

  studyzone fact opinion lesson A fourth grade fact and opinion lesson followed by online multiple choice practice.
  paper fact opinion practice jeopardy

Play Classroom Jeopardy with your friends or class to see who can identify facts and opinions.

Use the printable worksheet to practice identifying facts and opinions.

2tools paper fact and opinion Try using this Fact and Opinion organizer when you read nonfiction text for research.

Make inferences and draw conclusions

Readers make inferences from information that is not directly stated in the text. Authors often tell you more than they say directly. They give you hints or clues that help you "read between the lines." Using these clues to give you a deeper understanding of your reading is called inferring.

k2 skills itb infer Into the Book teaches all about different ways of understanding what you read. During this activity, you will be able to infer meaning from a variety of texts.
  bpjr infer Annie explains how to make an inference using the example of sea turtles.
  practice This puzzle from BrainPop Jr. tests your inferring skills.
ktools fact opinion fact opinion paper making inferences fact opinion Use this Making Inferences organizer when you are reading during research.
k2 skills bp critical Learn about how critical thinking skills help you to draw conclusions in order to make decisions.
  draw conclusion conclusion movie drawing conclusions Let the Library Lady review how to draw a conclusion from what you read.
  practice study zone practice draw conclusion quiz Practice reading and drawing conclusions with these online activities from the Study Zone and
2-4 tools paper computer clues worksheet Use this form to develop clues that will allow you to make inferences or draw a conclusion.
  making inferences making inferences paper making inferences Use this Making Inferences organizer when you are reading during research.


A summary is l the most important ideas from a text expressed in one or two sentences. A good summary does not include details or information that is not important. When we research, it is important to make summaries to show how much we have learned.
k2skills itb summary Into the Book teaches students all about different ways of understanding what you read. In the first task, Jelly Bones explains 5 pirate skills, and you must summarize to create a handbook on how to be a pirate. Then you will summarize into order to save a group of monsters from Dracula.
  virtual traveller The Virtual Traveller game has you listen to a traveller describe his adventures and then summarize each trip.

paper making inferences

Try one of these Summary graphic organizers when you need to summarize your reading for research.
24skills cop Listen to a police officer describing the importance of summarizing.
  practice Summary quiz Use this quiz to test your summarizing skills.
24tools paper summary print computer summary Use this form to write a summary in your own words.
  paper making inferences Try one of these Summary graphic organizers when you need to summarize your reading for research.
  Nonfiction Pyramid

After you read an article, Web page, or other nonfiction text, you can use this Nonfiction Pyramid to summarize key ideas and details from the text.

*Digital and printable.

Teacher Resources

Lessons and Mini Lessons on reading skills are available at ReadWriteThink, for example:

Discovery Education includes digital media and a user community in order to empower teachers to improve student achievement; includes many teacher-created resources.

Reading Rockets--this site helps with research-based strategies and recources for all classroom teachers.

Scholastic--many of free lesson plans and extension activities.

Teach-Nology-- Technology-infused lesson plans, rubrics, web quests and other teacher resources

Summary by Cop cop summarizing study zone prediction text itb summary draw conclusion quiz fact opinion game fact opinion lesson jeopardy main idea practice critical reasoning paraphrasing scientific method inferences what if chart Solutions practice prediction puzzles quiz cause effect quiz cause effect chain main idea prediction activity predict interactive ws compare movie compare maker sequence chain sequence games pov bpjr sequence sequence writing Fact Fragment Frenzy Nonfiction Pyramid