Grades 5-8 Glossary Sidebar Grades 5-8 Glossary  
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Research Term Definition
Advanced Search Narrowing search results by using specific strategies. Examples: keyword, title, author, year, using AND, using OR, using quotation marks, etc.
Analyze To review information, make meaning, and determine the importance.
Banner Identifies the website, often with a logo, and is regularly found atop each page of a website.
Bias Prejudice against an idea, person, object, etc. Bias is perceived as one-sided or being unfair.
Bibliography A list of sources gathered, used, and referenced, on a specific topic.
Boolean Search Boolean Search logic changes the way a source retrieves information using advanced searches such as: AND, NOT, OR, W/, etc.
Citing Sources Providing bibliographic information (author, date, resource title, etc.) for resources used to gather information. Citing sources is part of copyright and avoiding plagiarism.
Collaboration Working with another person or group in a respectful manner with the purpose to achieve a common goal.
Connections Building ideas between two ideas or topics. Identifying what the information has in common or what meanings can be made.
Content The main part of a webpage which may include text, photos, video, or audio clips.
Copyright The exclusive legal right to reproduce, publish, or sell original work such as: music, paintings, books, etc.
Cornell Notes A note-taking system that helps students to focus the content written down.
Create The sixth phase of the Guided Inquiry Design Process. The Create phase is designed for students to analyze their new learning. During the analysis, students will create a product to share.
Creative Commons A nonprofit organization that provides easy to use copyright licenses so that content creators may choose the levels of permission for sharing.
Critical Thinking Analyzing current beliefs, new information, resource credibility, and making connections in order to improve thinking and understanding on a specific topic.
Ethical Use Respectful use of resources including: respect the author’s intention, don’t change the main idea by eliminating information, don’t ignore information that negates your opinion on a topic, and don’t take things out of context.
Evaluate The last phase of the Guided Inquiry Design Process. The Evaluate phase is designed for students to reflect upon the Guided Inquiry Design Process.
Evaluation Checking sources for accuracy, bias, relevance, credibility, etc.
Explore The third phase of the Guided Inquiry Design Process. The Explore phase is designed for students to browse a variety of materials in order to make sense of the information and to create new questions.
Facts A statement or idea that can be proven by personal experience or verification. Facts are perceived to be true until new information disproves the idea or statement. Example: George Washington was the first United States president.
Fair Use There are four factors that identify fair use: the purpose of the use, the nature of the work, the amount used, and the impact on the future market. The factors allow students and educators to legally violate copyright laws for educational purposes.  
Footer Often found at the bottom of a webpage and contains copyright information.
Gather The fifth phase of the Guided Inquiry Design Process. The Gather phase is designed for students to gather information from a variety or reliable sources.
Graphic Organizers Resources that help organize information in a way that makes notes or learning meaningful and useful.
Identify The fourth phase of the Guided Inquiry Design Process. The Identify phase is designed for students to form a focus and develop a meaningful research question.
Immerse The second phase of the Guided Inquiry Design Process. The Immerse phase is designed to build a research community and background knowledge.
Inquiry Charts for Charting Inquiry charts provide a way to visualize, organize, and synthesize ideas in the inquiry process.
Inquiry Circles for Conversing Small groups organized for conversations about interesting ideas, meaningful questions, and emerging insights.
Inquiry Communities for Collaborating A collaborative environment where students learn with each other in a large group.
Inquiry Journals for Composing Inquiry journals provide a way for individuals to compose and reflect throughout the inquiry process.
Inquiry Logs for Choosing Inquiry logs provide a way of keeping track of the quality sources that are chose as important for addressing an inquiry question.
Inquiry Tools for Continuing All of the inquiry tools are for continuing and sustaining the inquiry process to completion.
Keywords Important words or short phrases about your topic that will assist in searching resources.
Main Idea The key ideas that develop from researching a topic.
Menu An organized area with links or buttons that lead you to parts of a website.
Making Inferences Reading between the lines and gathering information from context clues in order to form logical ideas or conclusions.
OneNote A Microsoft product that allows a user to take digital notes that may be accessed from any computer or shared.
Open The first phase of the Guided Inquiry Design Process. The Open phase is designed to open students’ minds, stimulate curiosity, and spark conversations.
Opinions A statement of belief or judgement that cannot be proven true or false. Example: My favorite ice cream is chocolate.
Organizing Gathering information in a way in which meaning can be made. Examples: alphabetical, numerical, outlining, grouping, etc.
Paraphrasing Putting resource information into your own words.
Peer Evaluation Providing feedback to a classmate for the purpose of improving a skill or project.
Plagiarism Taking someone else’s work and portraying it as your own. Example: Copying and pasting a paragraph from a website without using quotation marks, getting permission, or citing the source.
Predictions Gathering information in order to make a logical guess about what is going to happen next. This is an ongoing process that changes based upon new information and old predictions.
Primary Sources First hand accounts of an event, topic, or historical time period. Examples: letters, diaries, speeches, photographs, etc.
Prior Knowledge What you already know about a topic based upon prior experiences and learning.
Questions Creating questions helps to identify a purpose for researching. In order to ask and answer questions, you must clarify information, gather new ideas, and connect ideas in order to make meaning.
Quotations Exact language from a resource requires quotation marks as well as a citation.
Reliability A resource containing trusted or accurate content and information.
Rubric An evaluation tool that illustrates how a scored is calculated based on specific criteria and skill level.
Scanning Quickly looking over resources with the purpose to find specific facts or information.
Search Box A box for entering text that will be used to search a webpage, database, or search engine.
Secondary Sources Analyze or critique primary sources. Examples: essays, textbooks, commentaries, etc.
Self Reflection An opportunity to review the research process to identify new learning, strengths, and areas for future improvement.
Share The seventh phase of the Guided Inquiry Design Process. The Share phase is designed for students to share their new learning and products created in the Create phase with other students.
Skimming Quickly looking over a resource with the purpose to gain an overview of a topic and main ideas.
Summarizing Reading a large selection of text, understanding the concepts, and creating a shorter version of  the information into your own words.
Supporting Details Facts and information used to back up the main idea, help illustrate a concept, or explain.
Tertiary Sources Provides an overview or summary of a topic. This may contain primary and secondary sources. Examples: almanacs, encyclopedias, bibliographies, etc.
Thick Questions Questions that require thought, analysis, and research.
Thin Questions Questions that are easily answered by reviewing a resource.
URL Uniform Resource Locator- the web address that is displayed at the top of a website inside an adress bar.
Grades 5-8 Research Guide