Subject-Specific Research


Examples | Methodology | Student Resources | Glossary | Teacher Resources


Science is the knowledge attained through experimentation. As defined by science is “systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation”. Science is a broad area of study and includes many fields. Science could include biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, astronomy, earth science, environmental science, and health sciences.


Making Clunkers Shine 

Prem's brother had a beat-up old car, and Prem noticed that waxing it seemed to make the spots on its finish go away. Prem got an idea to create a wax that would fluoresce and make old clunkers appear shiny again. He hypothesized that wax synthesized directly from fluorophores—and added to commercial car waxes—would impart a fluorescent effect on car wax and onto any polished surface.

Check out MORE examples of student scientific research.


The Scientific Method
The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to demonstrate the truth or falseness of the hypothesis, and a conclusion that validates or modifies the hypothesis. (2010). Scientific method. Retrieved from

View videos of Carol Greider sharing her expertise regarding the scientific method.

The Aim of A Good Scientist View Video
Carol Greider, molecular biologist at Johns Hopkins University, talks about
her scientific method.
The Mistakes Scientists Make In Their Work View Video
Carol Greider, molecular biologist at Johns Hopkins University, explains why scientists must be critics, not cheerleaders, of their own hypotheses.

Carol Greider co-discovered how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase in 1984. For this work, she was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, shared with Elizabeth Blackburn and Jack Szostak. Taken at Campus Westend of Goethe-University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Biography (PNAS) and Baltimore Sun Photo Gallery

student resources




Critical Reading

Production and Presentation Tools

Citation Guidelines and Formats

.......Council of Science Editors (CSE)

teacher resources

Unit Overview for Step 5: Conduct Subject-Specific Research is available in BCPSOne.