Recognize the need for information.
Become aware of possibilities.
Select general area of need/concern.
Seek background information.
Brainstorm options.
Identify problems.
Form a focus.
Pose questions.

Frame ideas.
Connect new ideas with prior knowledge.
Construct a plan to accomplish the task.
Establish a purpose for reading.

Identify useful resources.
Formulate search plan and strategies.
Scan and skim text for usefulness.
Refine search strategies.
Evaluate information using criteria.

Collect ideas by sorting information in an ordering scheme, e.g.,
...chronological, alphabetical, cause/effect, compare/contrast.

Organize information into clusters/idea map.
Manage time, resources, and documents.
Monitor ethical and responsible use of information and technologies.

Apply critical reading and thinking strategies.
Determine importance of information and its relevance to essential question.
Make inferences, identify trends, interpret data.
Separate information and ideas into component parts.
Exercise flexibility in information seeking and collaboration with peers.

Synthesize by fusing, reordering, recalling, and retelling to ... ... ...create new meaning or understanding.
Draw conclusions to create new meaning based on sound
...reasoning and authenticity of information.
Apply new understanding to solve the task.
Assess the scope of work and needed resources, materials, and equipment.
Develop and implement an action plan.
Seek peer review for new insights and revision.
Assess the product in terms of requirements and individual and group effort.
Determine best method to communicate new knowledge.
Convey new knowledge using effective communication skills.
Engage audience in discussion and respond to feedback.
Apply metacognitive strategies to assess the research
... process and one's own thinking.
Transfer new knowledge to solve new problems.


The Information Seeking Behavior Model supports the teaching of Online Research Models designed by library media specialists in the Baltimore County Public Schools. It is a synthesis of research and/or experience of Carol Kuhlthau, Debbie Abiloch, Jamie McKenzie, Jay McTighe and the library media specialists in the Baltimore County Public Schools.
Comments or questions regarding the model should be directed to Della Curtis, Coordinator, Office of Library Information Services.
It may be used for educational, non-profit school use only. All other uses, transmissions, and duplications are prohibited unless permission is granted expressly.

Copyright © 2005 Baltimore County Public Schools,Towson, MD 21204 All rights reserved.

Last update: July, 2005

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