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Foreign Aid Background:
Interpreting Graphs and Tables

The following graphs and tables give important background information on U. S. foreign aid. Examine each one carefully, and then select the best response to each question on the right. Note that the selected response answer choices will alternate ABCD and FGHJ.


 


 1. The pie graph to the left indicates that:
A. The largest part of the U.S. budget is spent on Social Security.
B.  The smallest part of the U.S. budget goes to defense.
C. Social Security spending is steadily increasing.
D. Education is one of the largest portions of the U.S. budget.

 2. Foreign aid expenditures, according to the graph,
represent:
F.  a large component of the U.S. budget.
G.   the smallest part of the U.S. budget
H.  a decreasing portion of the U.S. budget
J.  an increasing portion of the U.S. budget.

 

 

 3. The bar graph to the left indicates:
A. A consistent amount spent on foreign aid over the years.
B.  A steady increase in the amount of foreign aid given.
C. Dramatic ups and downs in foreign aid spending.
D. A steady decrease over the years in the amount of foreign aid given.
 4. The graph to the left illustrates
F. a steady rise in foreign aid spending.
G.  minor fluctuations in foreign aid spending.
H. a drop in foreign aid spending following the Camp David peace accord.
J. a dramatic decline in foreign aid spending following the Sept. 11th terrorist attacks..


 5. Money spent on foreign aid during the Gulf War (1991) and the Iraqi War (03-04)
A. is just about the same.
B.  was higher during the Gulf War.
C. was higher during the Iraqi War.
D. never dropped below Cold War levels.
 

Key

purple = Middle East pink =
South Asia
green =
Latin America
lilac = Africa brown =
East Asia
yellow =
Europe/
Eurasia

 6. Comparing foreign aid spending for FY 1994 with that of FY 2004 indicates:
F. a decrease in spending in Africa.
G.  a decrease in spending in the Middle East
H. an increase in spending in the Middle East
J. a decrease in spending in South Asia.

 

 7. The countries that give the greatest percentage of their Gross National Income to foreign aid are:
A. smaller European nations
B.  larger industrial nations
C. generally found in Asia
D. located in North America.

 8. Which country gives the least percentage of their GNI to foreign aid?
F. Denmark
G.  United Kingdom
H. New Zealand
J. United States

Top Recipients from U. S. Foreign Aid, FY 2004
 Country
 Amt. Received
(in billions of $)
 Country
 Amt. Received
(in billions of $)
 Afghanistan 1.77 Jordan 0.56 
 Bolivia 0.10 Kenya 0.13 
 Colombia 0.57 Liberia 0.21 
 Egypt 1.87 Pakistan 0.39
 Ethiopia 0.16 Peru 0.17
 Indonesia 0.13 Sudan 0.14
 Iraq 18.44 Turkey 0.15
 Israel 2.62 Uganda 0.14

 9. According to the table on the left, which country received the most U. S. foreign aid during Fiscal Year 2004?
A. Sudan
B.  Bolivia
C. Iraq
D. Israel

10. Which country received the second highest amount of U. S. foreign aid during that same time period?
F. Israel
G.  Sudan
H. Afghanistan
J. Egypt
 
U. S. Foreign Aid Program Composition, 2004

 Aid Program Type

Dollars allotted
(in billions)

 % of Total Aid
Bilateral Development (fostering economic progress and social stability in developing countries- from the U. S. alone)

 6.228

 30.1%
Humanitarian (incl. relief to victims of manmade and natural disasters)

 2.550

 12.3%
Multilateral Development (similar to bilateral goals, but combined with donations from other countries)

 1.702

 8.2%
Economic/Political Security (to meet special U.S. economic, political, or security interests such as terrorism, narcotics, weapons proliferation, etc.)

 5.402

 26.1%
Military (military assistance to U.S. friends and allies to help them acquire U. S. military equipment and training)

 4.791

 23.2%



11. According to the table on the left, what are the top three types of aid provided by the U. S. to foreign countries?
A. humanitarian, military, and economic/political security
B.  bilateral development, humanitarian, and multilateral development
C. bilateral development, economic/political security, and military
D. Multilateral development, economic/political security, and military



12. According to the table on the left, which category of foreign aid covers natural disasters in a foreign country?
F. multilateral development
G.  humanitarian
H. bilateral development
J. military

Source (for all graphs and information above):
Tarnoff, Curt and Larry Nowels. Foreign Aid: An Introductory Overview of U. S. Programs and Policy.
CRS Report for Congress. 15 April 2004. Library of Congress. <http://www.fas.org/man/crs/98-916.pdf>.
 Answer Key!