Inventions, Innovations, and Other Contributions
from Ancient China

 

 Dynasty and Time Period

Inventions / Contributions

 Dynasty and Time Period

 Inventions / Contributions
Qin or Ch'in dynasty (approx. 221-207 B. C.)
  • Legalism
  • Standardized writing and language
  • Standardized money
  • Standardized system of measurement
  • Irrigation projects
  • Building of the Great Wall
  • Terra cotta army
  • Expanded Network of Roads and Canals
  • Multiplication Table
  Tang Dynasty
(approx. 618-907 A. D.)
  • Tea
  • Po Chu-i (poet)
  • Scroll painting
  • Three Doctrines (Buddhism, Confuscianism, Taoism)
  • Gunpowder
  • Civil Service Exams
  • Brandy and whiskey
  • Flame-thrower
  • Dance and Music
Han Dynasty
(approx. 202 B. C. - A. D. 220)
  • Silk Road
  • Papermaking
  • Iron technology (cast iron) plowshares;Moldboard plow (kuan)
  • Glazed pottery
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Seismograph (Chang Heng)
  • Compass
  • Ship's rudder
  • Stirrups
  • Drawloom weaving
  • Embroidery for decorating garments
  • Hot Air Balloon
  • Chinese Examination System
  Five Dynasties period
(approx. 907 - 960 A.D.)
  • Tea Trade
  • Translucent Porcelain
  • Paper Money and Certificates of deposit
  • Taoism
  • Painting

Era of Disunity (Age of Division - (approx. 220 - 581 A. D.)

  • Tea
  • Padded horse collar (collar harness)
  • Calligraphy
  • Stirrups
  • Growth of Buddhism and Taoism
  • Kite
  • Helicopter rotor and propeller
  • Matches
  • Odometer
  • Umbrella
  • Paddle Wheel Ship
  Song or Sung dynasty
(approx. 960-1279 A. D.)
  • Magnetic compass
  • Rocket and multi-stage rockets
  • Printing (movable type)
  • Guns and Cannons
  • Landscape painting
  • Winemaking
  • Chinese Opera
  • Porcelain
  • Chain Drive Mechanism
Sui Dynasty
(approx. 581 - 618 A. D.)
  • Porcelain
  • Block Printing
  • Grand Canal
  • Coinage Standardization
  Yuan or Mongol Dynasty
(approx. 1279 - 1368 A.D. )
  • Paper money
  • Magnetic Compass
  • Blue and white porcelain
  • Guns and Gunpowder
  • Landscape painting
  • Chinese Theater, Opera, and Music
  • Decimal Numbers