Forces of Nature

Teacher Notes Student Resources

Constructive and Destructive Forces

Research Process

Directions to Students: Use the following activities to become experts on the changing Earth.

  Scenario

Recently Mr. Gromek went on vacation to Crater Lake National Park in Oregon.  Upon leaving, he spoke with a park ranger. The ranger was upset because she did not have the time or the money to create an exhibit showing how the lake was formed.  Mr. Gromek had a brainstorm!  His very bright fifth grade students could create an exhibit which would explain to visitors how the lake was formed and how these forces are still shaping the Earth's surface.                                                   (Click the picture on the left to see Crater Lake)

While on the Crater Lake page click the U-shaped Valley link and complete the Varying Volcano organizer.

 Varying Volcanoes    Print out this page before you link. 

Essential Question:  How do constructive and destructive forces shape and reshape the earth’s surface?

Task and Product

 

 

Task

Your teacher will place you in a group with two or three other students who will co-author a presentation on  constructive and destructive forces.  Each person in the group will choose at least two of the constructive or destructive forces to research. In your research you will identify ways in which the forces factor in shaping the earth's surface.  

After completing your research you will choose to create either a Tornado in a Bottle or an Erupting Volcano.                            Please print these instructions to complete the investigation at home.  You will observe the forces at work in order to explain how your model is either a constructive or destructive force.

Forces
Mountains
Valleys
Volcanoes
Earthquakes
Wind Erosion
Water Water
Ice Erosion
Coastal Erosion

The Product

Your group, as well as, the park ranger, are counting on you to become an expert on constructive and destructive forces.  After you complete your research, each person in the group will author and illustrate a PowerPoint presentation, video documentary, or a brochure.  

Your presentation must contain the following pages for each of the forces your group researched:
a page that describes the layers of the earth and its different surfaces.  
pages that explain how the constructive and destructive forces function.  

a final page that explains how the lake was formed using the constructive and destructive forces.

 
Working cooperatively, the group will create the title page, a group bibliography page including web sites, and an "Explanation to the Department of Natural Resources (DNR)" page that explains how the forces shaped and formed the lake.

 

Assessments

You will be graded on your daily work on the research process as well as on your final product.
Daily (Formative)
Other options:
Multimedia Presentation (ex. PowerPoint )
group work checklist
Making A Brochure

 

Question


 

Essential Question:
Essential Question:  How do constructive and destructive forces shape and reshape the earth’s surface?

Jump start your thinking! Here are some sample questions for each topic; think of some more that fit your topic. 

What are the layers of the earth?

What are aquatic and terrestrial landforms?

What is a constructive force?

What is a a destructive force?

How are mountains and valleys form?

How do volcanoes form?

What causes an earthquake?

What are the causes and effects of water, wind, ice and coastal erosion?

Explain how weathering affects the Earth's surface?

How does deposition affect the Earth's surface

Organizational Helps

Gather and Sort


 
 Gather information from a variety of sources

Sort your findings using this landforms organizer

Click here for other suggestions for a graphic organizer format for your notes.

Remember to cite your references. Check the MLA guidelines and examples for citing resources.
To avoid plagiarism, properly paraphrase and quote when taking notes. Use this site to help you to avoid plagiarism.

Organize


Analyze your research notes to determine if you have answered your part of the essential question.

Essential Question:  How do constructive and destructive forces shape and reshape the earth’s surface?

Synthesize your findings by creating a first draft of your product.

What new insights have emerged about your topics?
Which facts are the most compelling and would have the greatest impact on your audience?

Evaluate the effectiveness of your research for the task using

Have you gathered sufficient details about your topic?
Are your details organized in the right categories or sub-topics to make sense for your audience?
Are you ready to create your product?

Conclusion

 

Presentation

Share the information you gathered with the other members of your group.  Decide the sequence you will use to introduce and explain the effects of the constructive and destructive forces.  Working individually, create your pages.  

Remember that your presentation must contain the following pages for each of the forces your group researched:

a page or section that describes the the earth's surface and its different parts.  

several pages or sections that explain how the constructive and destructive forces function.  

Be sure to include some illustrations with a drawing or diagram that clearly communicates the main idea.
Create a title.
Publish your presentation by printing a notes page for someone!

Last update: July, 2004
Created by Christian Gromek & Anna Floeck

BCPS Research Module, Copyright 2004, Baltimore County Public Schools, MD, all rights reserved. This Research Module may be used for educational, non-profit school use only. All other uses, transmissions, and duplications are prohibited unless permission is granted expressly.

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