Back to the Age of Exploration

Student Resources
Image source: Accessed from SIRS Discoverer
Teacher Resources

open

  • Invitation to inquiry
  • Open minds
  • Stimulate curiosity

 

Immerse

  • Build background knowledge
  • Connect to content
  • Discover interesting ideas
Icons from Kuhlthau, C.C., Maniotes, L.K.,  & Caspari, A.K. (2012).  Guided inquiry design: A framework for inquiry in your school. Santa Barbara, CA:  Libraries Unlimited.
Research Scenario

The Maryland Science Center has just announced a new exhibit to open next year! They will have a virtual time machine where people can choose an event and then go back to that time for a visit. Your class has been asked to suggest an event from the Age of Exploration for the time machine dial. There were many explorers during that time period. Your decision won't be an easy one!


How have the European explorers impacted North American history?

 

Throughout the research process, you will use a variety of inquiry tools and strategies.

  • Begin your Inquiry Journal by responding to these Inquiry Journal Prompts.
  • Engage in conversation in an Inquiry Circle to develop ideas and discuss emerging questions with a small group of classmates.

Image source:
Accessed from SIRS Discoverer

Explore

  • Explore interesting ideas
  • Look around
  • Dip in
Icon from Kuhlthau, C.C., Maniotes, L.K.,  & Caspari, A.K. (2012).  Guided inquiry design: A framework for inquiry in your school. Santa Barbara, CA:  Libraries Unlimited.


 


Image source: Accessed from SIRS Discoverer

Task and Product

To help with your class's final decision, you will be assigned to a group. Each group will choose a different explorer and research his impact on the history of North America.

First, use the resources on the Student Resources page to build background knowledge about various explorers and discover interesting ideas about them.

Now, Choose an explorer that interests you.

Your group is to make a presentation to persuade the class that your explorer or conqueror is the one to choose for the time machine dial. You may make your presentation as a Power Point slide show. Each group member will be responsible for creating at least two slides.

Your group's PowerPoint should include at least:

  • One title slide
  • Six slides that show your explorer or conqueror's major impacts on North American history
  • One slide that shows why the class should vote or not vote for your explorer or conqueror
  • One slide with your group's names

Your teacher may decide to assign an alternate presentation from the following list:

  • Poster
  • Oral Presentation
  • Pamphlet

Explore

Use exploratory search strategies like browsing, scanning, and skimming a variety of resources. "Dip in" to read and reflect as you explore.
  • Use the Stop and Jot strategy to record ideas and questions in your Inquiry Journal.
  • Use the Pair-Share Protocol to clarify your ideas, get feedback, and gain insight.
  • Use the Inquiry Log to keep track of sources that might be useful for your inquiry.

evaluate

  • Evaluate the achievement of learning goals
  • Reflect on content
  • Reflect on process
Icon from Kuhlthau, C.C., Maniotes, L.K.,  & Caspari, A.K. (2012).  Guided inquiry design: A framewo rk for inquiry in your school. Santa Barbara, CA:  Libraries Unlimited.


Image source:
Accessed from SIRS Discoverer

Assessments

The following scoring tools may be used or adapted by you and your teacher to evaluate your research process and your final product and presentation. You can use these assessments throughout your inquiry process to plan, make decisions, monitor your progress, and self-assess your achievement of your inquiry-based learning goals.

 

You will be graded on your individual work.

You will also be graded as to your group work.

Identify

  • Pause and ponder
  • Decide direction
  • Identify inquiry question
Icon from Kuhlthau, C.C., Maniotes, L.K.,  & Caspari, A.K. (2012).  Guided inquiry design: A framework for inquiry in your school. Santa Barbara, CA:  Libraries Unlimited.

Image source: Accessed from SIRS Discoverer

Questions

Overarching Question:

How have the European explorers impacted North American history?

Essential Inquiry Question:

  • What was your explorer or conqueror's purpose?
  • Which expeditions did he lead?
  • Where did the expedition begin? Where did it go?
  • What form of transportation did he use?
  • What did your explorer or conqueror's expedition accomplish? Was the expedition successful? Why or why not?
  • What land was discovered or conquered?
  • What resources or products did your explorer or conqueror make available for export?
  • How did your explorer or conqueror treat native peoples?
  • Did a permanent settlement result from your explorer or conqueror's expedition? Who settled? Did the settlement last?
  • What interesting facts did you find about your explorer or conqueror?

Consider a variety of questioning techniques as outlined in Jamie McKenzie's Questioning Toolkit.

You may then need to generate some subsidiary questions that would help you to gather some specific information relevant to your Essential Inquiry Question.

gather

  • Gather important information
  • Go broad (search)
  • Go deep (read)
Icon from Kuhlthau, C.C., Maniotes, L.K.,  & Caspari, A.K. (2012).  Guided inquiry design: A framework for inquiry in your school. Santa Barbara, CA:  Libraries Unlimited.

Image source: Accessed from SIRS Discoverer

Gather & Sort

Your group may use both print and electronic resources in your explorer research.

Use the Student Resource Section to find resources about various North American Exploerers.

Apply effective search strategies in order to locate and evaluate sources and digital content relevant to your information need.

  • Read deeply from pertinent resources and apply reading strategies to construct meaning.
  • Use the Inquiry Log to make choices and track your inquiry journey.
  • Use strategies and tools for note-taking, documentation, and reflection as you gather:
  • Refine your inquiry question or focus as needed, based on your research findings so far and your new insights and understandings.
  • Demonstrate digital citizenship and avoid plagiarism by paraphrasing or quoting information, and by citing your sources in a Works Cited list.

Create

  • Reflect on learning
  • Go beyond facts to make meaning
  • Create to communicate
Icon from Kuhlthau, C.C., Maniotes, L.K.,  & Caspari, A.K. (2012).  Guided inquiry design: A framework for inquiry in your school. Santa Barbara, CA:  Libraries Unlimited.


Image source: Accessed from SIRS Discoverer

Create

Analyze your research notes to reflect on your learning. What new insights have emerged in response to your Essential Inquiry Question? Use your note-taking organizer to determine the impact of your explorer on North American history.

  • Share with your group the information you have gathered about your explorer.
  • Decide if there is any information you still need to find and try to find it.
  • Decide which two PowerPoint slides each member of the group will be creating.

 

Synthesize your findings by creating a product to communicate new meaning and understanding. Create your Power Point presentation to persuade your class that your explorer is the one to choose for the time machine dial.

How to create a Power Point presentation.

Your group's PowerPoint should include at least:

  • One title slide
  • Four slides that show your explorer or conqueror's major impacts on North American history
  • One slide that shows why the class should vote or not vote for your explorer or conqueror

Evaluate your research product and presentation according to the scoring criteria on the .Power Point Slide Scoring Tool for your two slides. You will also be graded on your group work Power Point Group Presentation Scoring Tool, and your Group Work Self-Evaluation

share

  • Learn from each other
  • Share your learning
  • Tell your story
Icon from Kuhlthau, C.C., Maniotes, L.K.,  & Caspari, A.K. (2012).  Guided inquiry design: A framework for inquiry in your school. Santa Barbara, CA:  Libraries Unlimited.


Image source: Accessed from SIRS Discoverer

Share

Present your research findings to your inquiry community by making a presentation to persuade the class that your explorer is the one to choose for the time machine dial. You may make your presentation as a Power Point slide show. Each group member will be responsible for creating at least two slides.

Your group's PowerPoint should include at least:

  • One title slide
  • Six slides that show your explorer's major impacts on North American history
  • One slide that shows why the class should vote for your explorer
  • One slide with your group's names

Your teacher may decide to assign an alternate presentation from the following list:

  • Poster
  • Oral Presentation
  • Pamphlet

Fill out a check sheet as you view each explorer presentation.

Explorer check sheet

Reread your Explorer check sheet and decide which explorer has had the greatest impact on North American history. It is now time to vote but you may not vote for your explorer .

 

 

   

 

evaluate

  • Evaluate the achievement of learning goals
  • Reflect on content
  • Reflect on process
Icon from Kuhlthau, C.C., Maniotes, L.K.,  & Caspari, A.K. (2012).  Guided inquiry design: A framework for inquiry in your school. Santa Barbara, CA:  Libraries Unlimited.

Image source: Accessed from SIRS Discoverer

Evaluate:

Evaluate the achievement of your inquiry-based learning goals using the scoring tools in the Assessments section, as directed by your teacher:

  • Reflect on your learning of the content by writing a response to the Overarching Question; support your response with ideas and evidence from both your own research and your classmates' presentations.
  • Reflect on your inquiry process using Self Reflection on Inquiry.


Extend your learning:
After seeing each presentation, write a letter to the Maryland Science Center with your recommendation for the explorer for the time machine dial. Be sure to justify your choice by explaining how your choice of explorer had the biggest impact on North American History.

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