Fair Use Guidelines - Print Music Scores/Music


Emergency copying to replace purchased copies that for any reason are not available for an imminent performance, provided purchased replacement copies are substituted in due course.

For academic purposes other than a performance, multiple copies of excerpts may be made, provided that the excerpts do not comprise a part of the whole which would constitute a performable unit, such as a section, movement, or aria, but in no case more than 10% of the whole work.  The number of copies may not exceed one copy per student.
Printed copies that have been purchased may be edited or simplified, provided that the fundamental character of the work is not distorted or lyrics altered or added.
Staff should contact the Office of Music with all questions concerning the reproduction and distribution of these instructional materials.


1. Copying to create, replace, or substitute for anthologies, compilations, or collective works, including copies of various works or excerpts which are accumulated or reproduced and used separately.
2. Copying works intended to be "consumable," including, but not limited to, workbooks, exercises, standardized tests, test booklets, answer sheets, and similar consumable material.
3. Copying to substitute for the purchase of books, publishers' reprints, or periodicals.
4. Repeated copying of the same print material with respect to the same teacher from term to term.
National Association of Music Educators - Copyright Law: What Music Teachers Need to Know (National Association of Music Education, April 2008)
Includes information on determining Fair Use - reproducing copies of sheet music, recording, distribution, etc.
Standler, Ronald. Music Copyright Law in the USA (2009-2009)
Information that provides much needed additional information specific to sheet music, sound recordings, unauthorized recordings of a live performance, recording of your own performance, etc.
Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) - The Law
RIAA is the trade organization that supports and promotes the creative and financial vitality of the major music companies. Information includes an explanation of online piracy, who music theft hurts, scope of the problem, and the copyright law.
Public Knowledge - Copyright Tutorial for Musicians
index Designed by Della Curtis, Coordinator
Office of Library Information Services, April 2012